Here is a fairly straightforward walkthrough of some of the traditional ideas regarding color:
FULL ARTICLE (My Modern Met):
"Colors are one of the first things we learn in school. Understanding the basic primary colors and how they blend is an activity found in most elementary school classrooms, but that’s just one piece of a much larger field known as color theory .
Used by painters, graphic designers, interior decorators, and anyone working in visual culture, color theory is an essential part of any creative’s toolkit. By understanding the principles of color and the science behind how we perceive different hues, creatives are able to mix, match, and blend a wide range of colors to please the eye." -Jessica Stewart
Color wheel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1809. (Photo: [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons